Over the last two decades we have noticed rapid increase both in the number of computers as well as in its usages. Nowadays, computers are being widely used for many purposes. Today most of the PCs are connected to the internet both at home and offices. The biggest bane of computers being connected to the internet is the cyber threats that exist in form of viruses, malware, spyware, Trojans and others. It is the first and foremost important thing for all PC users to ensure the security of their PCs from online threats and especially malware. The data that we share online and put on various websites including the social networking websites gets challenged and remain at high risk of being stolen and misappropriated. Cyber offenders take undue advantage of this vulnerability and exploit the situation for their vested interest and benefits.
Viruses and malware authored by these cyber criminals target your important data and information stored on your PC. They intend to infect your PC via malware that mostly transits through emails and networks. The ideal way of preventing viruses and malware from reaching your PC is to install effective antivirus program. Apart from it you can also practice some ‘do’s’ and ‘don’ts’ if you want your PC to be affected from malware. Don’t Don’t Accept or trust unwanted files Make it a thumb rule to not accept or trust files and emails coming from strangers. You should ignore files that are not of your use. At many occasions ads appear on your PC screen in form of pop ups to prompt you click on it but you should always be away from such alluring materials because it can send viruses and malware into your PC. Don’t Open spam e-mails Most of the users invite viruses to their PCs by opening up emails containing viruses and other threats. By opening up spam emails and email attachments you provide an opportunity to viruses to infect your PC. Majority of these emails and attachments sent by any strange sender carry potential threats that can infect your PC. The best way to prevent such precarious situation is to first scan the email and attachment before you open or you can simply ignore such messages and attachments. Don’t Use pirated software Use of pirated software and programs is always perilous as they are suspected to carry malicious materials or malware that can infect your PC. Viruses and malware authors often use pirated/illegal software to inject malware into your PC in an easy manner. While downloading or running the installer you unknowingly execute the viruses that are present in the file. So the best way out is to use the genuine and licensed software as they are entirely safe and free from malware. Don’t Download infected software While you download software, you should be extremely careful as many a times software are infected and carry viruses and malware. It is in your best interest to always download software from a trusted and reputed website. If you are not doing that then you may be downloading a malware in the guise of software. Now the choice is yours! Do’s Install antivirus program Installing effective antivirus program is the first thing every PC user should do before going online. Going online without antivirus software is just like being involved in a war without weapons. Once you install security program, your PC gets protected from majority of the online threats such as viruses and malware. In most cases, viruses attack your PC when it is not installed with an updated antivirus program. Use latest updates Another important thing you need to do is to keep your operating system (OS) up-to-date by installing all the latest updates issued by the OS manufacturer. In case you fail to install the updates then you are simply leaving your PC open to viruses and other online threats. By installing updates and security patches released by OS developers, you prevent the OS vulnerabilities and make it difficult for the viruses to get into the system. Use a secure OS You should select your OS which has less vulnerabilities and more security features. Older OSes were not highly secured thus open for infection. But today’s operating systems like Windows 7 and Windows 8 do carry exclusive security features to protect the PCs from regular viruses and malware threats. Moreover, you should regularly update the OS with regular and security updates. Use a strong password Experts recommend online users to use a strong password for all the online accounts. It is wise to use strong passwords for online accounts because it makes difficult for the hackers to crack the password and get information stored therein.
By implementing the above mentioned ‘do’s’ and ‘don’ts’ in practice you would be able to avert majority of the malware as well as other online threats. Not using latest updates If your operating system is not up-to-date, this can also leave your PC open to viruses. Always install latest updates of any program present in your PC. In addition, you must have latest versions of plug-ins too.